A new project launched by the UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) aims to replace chillers in Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan to eliminate the use of ozone-depleting substances and reduce the consumption of fossil fuels through improved energy efficiency.
An agreement stipulating the role of the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM) as a co-financier of the African Chiller Replacement Project has been signed by UNIDO Director-General Kandeh K. Yumkella and FFEM Secretary-General Marc-Antoine Martin. UNIDO is the main implementing agency of the project, which is worth €5.3 million (US$7.5 million).
“The agreement between UNIDO and the FFEM will help implement an innovative and commercially viable strategy for replacing CFC-based chillers in six African countries. This will help remove relevant barriers, and includes the transfer of green technology, the creation of a working fund mechanism, the management of CFC stockpiles, and the dissemination of awareness to chiller operators and end-users, as well as to the governments of the countries involved,” commented Yumkella.
Surveys conducted in Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan identified a total of 340 chillers that use CFCs as a refrigerant. Over 85% of these chillers are located in Egypt and Nigeria. CFC chillers have high leakage rates and a negative impact on global warming due to their high energy consumption. Replacing them with new chillers that are 40% more energy efficient will lead to an indirect reduction of some 462,400 tons of carbon dioxide emissions a year, and a direct phase-out of around 80 tons of CFCs required for servicing the chillers annually.
“This project is a good example of partnerships and co-operation between a multilateral donor through UNIDO, bilateral donors and commercial banks,” commented Martin. The Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations in Vienna, Ambassador Florence Mangin, added: “This project illustrates our commitment to an effective participation of developing countries in environmental protection by modernising their equipment.”
“It also brings out the necessity of a synergy between the implementation of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer and of the Kyoto Protocol, in particular, with regard to energy efficiency.” UNIDO is an implementing agency of the Multilateral Fund for Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.